Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes is a mystery, but both genetics and environmental factors (your surroundings) such as obesity (being overweight) and lack of exercise appear to play roles.
In order to determine whether or not a patient has pre-diabetes or diabetes, health care providers conduct a Fasting Plasma Glucose Test (FPG), or an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Either test can be used to diagnose pre-diabetes or diabetes. The American Diabetes Association recommends the FPG because it is easier, faster and less expensive to perform.
Several health professionals at the Health Center specialize in diabetes management, education and screening. Meet with a diabetes specialist at the Health Center to determine if you are at risk for diabetes.
This is information excerpted from the American Diabetes Association.